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2017年英语四级阅读理解题库:选词填空(3)

   2017-09-16   【

2017年英语四级阅读理解题库:选词填空(3)

  Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

  In recent years, more and more foreigners are involved in the teaching programs of the United States. Both the advantages and the disadvantages47 using foreign faculty in teaching positions have to be48 , of course. It can be said that the foreign background that makes the faculty member from abroad an asset also49 problems of adjustment, both for the university and for the individual. The foreign research scholar usually isolates himself in the laboratory as a means of protection; 50 , what he needs is to be fitted to a highly organized university system quite different from51 at home. He is faced in his daily work with differences in philosophy, arrangements of courses and methods of teaching. Both the visiting professor and his students52 a common ground in each other’s cultures, some concept of what is already in the minds of American students is53 for the foreign professor. While helping him to adapt himself to his new environment, the university must also 54 certain adjustments in order to take full advantage of what the newcomer can55 . It isn’t always known how to make creative use of foreign faculty, especially at smaller colleges. This is thought to be a56 where further study is called for. The findings of such a study will be of value to colleges and universities with foreign faculty.

  A)field B)possess C)considered D)express E)offer F)create G)required

  H)of I)emerge J)make K)lack L)however M)scope N)cause O)that

  【答案解析】

  47. 【答案】H)

  【解析】选of 。使用外国教师的优点和缺点必须仔细权衡,此处空格填介词of。

  48. 【答案】C)

  【解析】选considered。consider意思是“考虑,认为”。使用外国教师的优点和缺点必须仔细权衡,此处用被动语态。

  49. 【答案】F)

  【解析】选create。create意思是“产生,制造”。国外的教师资源也会产生些问题。

  50. 【答案】L)

  【解析】选however。本句与前一句意思为转折关系,而且转折词在前,因此用连词however。

  51. 【答案】O)

  【答案】选that。他必须适应管理严密的大学体系,而这一点是与他国内的大学体系大不相同的。that是指代大学体系。

  52. 【答案】K)

  【解析】选lack。所有外来教授和他的学生都缺乏文化共同性。

  53. 【答案】G)

  【解析】选required。外来教授需要接受美国学生头脑里已存在的那些概念。

  54. 【答案】J)

  【解析】选make。“做些调整”用动词make。大学必须做出适当的调整。

  55. 【答案】E)

  【解析】选offer。offer意思是“提供,供应”。

  56. 【答案】A)

  【解析】选field。field意思是“领域”。这是一个有待进一步研究的领域。

  【原文精译】

  近年来,越来越多的外国人参与了美国的教学项目。当然,在教学中使用外国教职员工既有优点,又有缺点,这必须予以考虑。可以这样说,国外背景使外国教职员工具有价值的同时,也给学校和个人的调整带来一些问题。外国学者通常把自己孤立在实验室中,以此作为一种保护;然而,他所需要的是把自己融入一个具有高度组织的大学体系中,这种体系与其国家的体系截然不同。在日常工作中,他要面对哲学、课程安排和教学方法上的差异。访问教授和他的学生在各自的文化方面都缺乏一种共同点,所以外国教授需要明白美国学生已经了解了那些概念。在帮助外国教授使其适应新环境的同时,学校也必须作出某些调整,以充分发挥新人的优势。如何创造性地利用外国教职教员并不总为人所知,特别是在一些较小的学校中。这被认为是需要进一步研究的领域,其研究成果将对拥有外国教职员工的学院和大学产生重大的价值。

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