Unit Nineteen 听写部分阶段测试
The home computer(S1) has been growing rapidly in the United States for the last ten years.Computers used to be large,(S2) machinesthat were very difficult to use.But scientists and(S3) have been making them smaller and(S4) while at the same time they have been made easier to use.As a result, their(S5) has been increasing as more and more people have been buying computers for homes and(S6) .
Computers have been(S7) to store information and process problems.Some have voices that speak with the operators.stores use computers to keep records of their stock and to send bills to their customers(S8) .People have been using computers in their homes to keep track of expenses and trun appliances on and off.
On new important use for computers is for entertainment.(S9) . People of all ages have been playing these games.They have been going to places where the computer games can be played for a small cost.(S10) .
Passage 2 Compound Dictation
When you (S1) travel books, you must make sure that it doesn’t(S2) Everything as marvelous or magical. You must also(S3) its date of publication, because travel is a very(S4) affair and many things(S5) quickly in the 20th century. Of course, you should make sure that its (S6) are(S7) and easy to find.
There are three kinds of travel books. (S8)________________. If they are informative and have a good index, then they can be useful to you , when you are planning your travel.(S9) .If a well-read, cultured person has written such a book, then it is even more useful. It can be classified as a selective guide book. (S10)__________________.If they are good, they will, in addition to their factual information, give an analysis or an interpretation. Lied the first kind, they can be inspiring and entertaining, but their primary function is to assist the reader who wishes to plan in the most practical way.
Passage 3 Spot Dictation
In 1905,Albert Einstein published (S1) including one that set forth the principles(S2) .This theory explained for the first time that(S3) meaning, for example, there is no way to tell(S4) Or whether it is moving very rapidly, at exactly the same speed as the environment around it .Secondly, Einstein declared that while the world(S5)
, the speed of light traveling through empty space is constant. These principles,(S6)
, provided the basis for criticizing the idealist and mechanical materialism “law”of physics which had been considered questionable since Newton’s 17th century writing.
Between 1905 and 1916,Einstein developed the concept of relativity. He(S7)
________________,putting forward the mathematical equation that would later(S8) ,providing the first comprehensive view of how gravity operated. Einstein(S9)__________________ to the“general theory of relativity(S10)_____________________________ of a single phenomenon”space time.