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2018年6月英语四级听力模考题

中华考试网   2018-06-15   【

2018年6月英语四级听力模考题

  Section A News Report

  Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports。 At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions。 Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once。 After you hear a question, you

  must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D)。 Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre。

  Drections: Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  Question 1

  A) How college students can improve their sleep habits.

  B) Why sufficient sleep is important for college students.

  C) Why college students are more likely to have stress problems.

  D) How college students can handle their psychological problems.

  Question 2

  A) It is not easy to improve one’s sleep habits.

  B) It is not good for students to play video games.

  C) Students who are better prepared generally get higher scores in examinations.

  D) Making last-minute preparations for tests may be less effective than sleeping.

  Drections: Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  Question 3

  A) Whether more airports should be built around London.

  B) Whether adequate investment is being made to improve airport facilities.

  C) Whether the British Airports Authority should sell off some of its assets.

  D) Whether the Spanish company could offer better service.

  Question 4

  A) Inefficient management.

  B) Poor ownership structure.

  C) Lack of innovation and competition.

  D) Lack of runway and terminal capacity.

  Drections: Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  Question 5

  A) Report the nicotine content of their cigarettes.

  B) Set a limit to the production of their cigarettes.

  C) Take steps to reduce nicotine in their products.

  D) Study the effects of nicotine on young smokers.

  Question 6

  A) The biggest increase in nicotine content tended to be in brands young smokers like.

  B) Big tobacco companies were frank with their customers about the hazards of smoking.

  C) Brands which contain higher nicotine content were found to be much more popular.

  D) Tobacco companies refused to discuss the detailed nicotine content of their products.

  Question 7

  A) They promised to reduce the nicotine content in cigarettes.

  B) They have not fully realized the harmful effect of nicotine.

  C) They were not prepared to comment on the cigarette study.

  D) They will pay more attention to the quality of their products.

  Section A

  News Report One

  听力原文:

  You probably think college students are experts at sleeping.But parties,preparations for tests,personal problems and general stress can wreck a student’s sleep habits,which can be bad for the body and the mind.Texas Tech University is even offering a class called“Improving Your Sleep Habits”.[1]People suffering from sleep loss are at an increased risk from obesity,psychological problems and car crashes.Students who don't get enough sleep have poorer attendance and lower grades.On top of all that,[2] a new study published in the Journal Learning&Memory finds you're probably better off sleeping than making last-minute preparations for a test.200 college kids were taught to play some unfamiliar video games.Subjects who learned the games in the morning lost some skills when they played again 12 hours later,but they did much better after getting a good night’s sleep.[1]So.if you really want to do your job well,don't forget to get some sleep.

  解析:

  1.A.How college students can handle their psychological problems.

  B.Why college students are more likely to have stress problems.

  C.Why sufficient sleep is important for college students.

  D.How college students can improve their sleep habits.

  Q:What is the news report mainly about?

  【解析】选项为how或why开头的句子表明,本题可能考查新闻要点。选项中均出现的college students,以及重复出现的sleep表明,新闻可能与大学生睡眠有关。结合问题,并辨认“充足的睡眠”,还是“睡眠习惯”是解题的关键。

  【答案】C

  2.A.It is not easy to improve one’s sleep habits.

  B.It is not good for students to play video games.

  C.Making last-minute preparations for tests may be less effective than sleeping.

  D.Students who are better prepared generally get higher scores in examinations.

  Q:What is the finding of the new study published in the Journal Learning&Memory?

  【解析】选项中重复出现的students和sleep表明,本题可能考查学生的睡眠情况。

  【答案】C。

  News Report Two

  听力原文:

  Long queues,delayed flights and overcrowding at airports have become almost as much a topic for conversation in Britain as the traditional complaining about the weather.Meanwhile,there’re complaints:the poor service at London’s major airports is discouraging foreigners from doing business in Britain.Much of the criticism is directed at the British Airports Authority,which runs 7 major airports,including the 3 main ones serving London.[3] The Competition Commission is now to investigate whether the British Airports Authority needs to sell off some of its assets.The idea is that competition between rival operators would lead to better service at airports.[4]The British Airports Authority recently bought by a Spanish company,says the root cause of the problems is not the ownership structure,but a lack of runway and terminal capacity,which is addressing through a programme of heavy investments.

  解析:

  3.A.Whether adequate investment is being made to improve airport facilities.

  B.Whether the British Airports Authority should sell off some of its assets.

  C.Whether the Spanish company could offer better service.

  D.Whether more airports should be built around London.

  Q:What is the Competition Commission going to

  investigate?

  【解析】选项均为以whether开头的宾语从句,其中重复出现的airport,以及facilities,assets,service和more…built表明,本题可能考查与机场有关的(设施、财产、服务和机场数量)情况。

  【答案】B

  4.A. Poor ownership structure.

  B.Inefficient management.

  C. Lack of innovation and competition.

  D. Lack of runway and terminal capacity.

  Q:What is the root cause of the poor service at British airports according to the British Airports Authority?

  【解析】选项均为名词短语,其中重复出现的lack,以及poor,inefficient和runway and terminal capacity表明,本题可能考查机场出现某种缺陷的原因。

  【答案】D。

  News Report Three

  听力原文:

  [5] Under the law in Massachusetts,tobacco companies have to measure the nicotine content of every type of cigarette and report the results.[6]The Department of Public Health in Boston gathers and carefully examines the figures,and then draws its conclusions:116 brands were looked at for the study.82 were found to have

  higher nicotine yields than they did 6 years previously.[6]The biggest increase is tended to be in brands that were popular with young smokers,that worries the Department because of the addicted nature of nicotine.Stanton Glantz,a professor of medicine in San Francisco explains why.“The amount of nicotine was delivered in every type of cigarettes is 10 percent higher than it was 6 years ago,which means that it’s easier to get hooked and harder to quit.[7]The big tobacco companies have always insisted that they are flank with their customers about the dangers of smoking and provide them with enough detail to make an informed decision.However,[7]none of them were prepared to comment on this studyor discuss the detailed nicotine content of their products.”

  解析

  5.A.study the effects of nicotine on young smokers.

  B. Set a limit to the production of their cigarettes.

  C. Take steps to reduce nicotine in their products.

  D. Report the nicotine content of their cigarettes.

  Q:What do tobacco companies have to do under the

  law in Massachusetts?

  【解析】选项中重复出现的nicotine(content)和cigarettes表明,本题可能考查香烟中尼古丁含量的要求。

  【答案】D。

  6.A.The biggest increase in nicotine content tended to be in brands young smokers like.

  B.Brands which contain higher nicotine content were found to be much more popular.

  C.Tobacco companies refused to discuss the detailed nicotine content of their products.

  D.Big tobacco companies were frank with their customers about the hazards of smoking.

  Q:What do we learn from the study by the Department of Public Health in Boston?

  【解析】选项中重复出现的nicotine(content),以及smokers和smoking表明,本题可能考查香烟中尼古丁含量对吸烟者的影响。

  【答案】A。

  7.A.They will pay more attention to the quality of their products.

  B.They were not prepared to comment on the cigarette study.

  C.They promised to reduce the nicotine content in cigarettes.

  D.They have not fully realized the harmful effect of nicotine.

  Q:What do we learn from the news report about the big tobacco companies?

  【解析】选项均为以they开头的句子,结合四个选项的内容可知,they指烟草公司。选项中的pay...attention to quality...,not prepared...cigarette.reduce the nicotine content和not...harmful effect of nicotine表明,本题可能考查烟草公司存在的问题。

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