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2017年上半年大学英语四级考试听力考前讲义6

   2017-04-07   【

  短对话部分:

  该部分一般是日常生活中的对话,即衣、食、住、行、工作、学习、生活等话题,场景可分为校园、公共场所、家庭、办公室等方面。每题1分。

  问对话发生的地点和场所

  提问人物关系或身份

  计算类

  人物的计划或打算

  人物的感觉状态

  交通或交通工具

  请求或建议

  释义、替换或上下文

  人物的态度观点或考生从对话中获得的信息或结论

  短对话题型:

  1 . 弦外之音—“言外之意”题型

  2 . 妙语连珠—观点态度题型

  3 . 虚虚实实—虚拟语气题型

  4 . 咬文嚼字—理解归纳题型

  5 . 多姿多彩—生活场景题型

  6 . 怪声怪气—语气态度题型

  1.弦外之音—“言外之意”题型

  这类题型难度较高,对话中的回答人并不从正面回答问题,似乎答非所问。这就需要我们运用解题的逻辑思维与推理过程,也就是通常所说的“顺藤摸瓜”方法来答题。此类题型中,一些句子的真实含义不是直截了当地摆在我们面前,而是我们根据对话中揭示的内容去寻找与其相关的其他事物以及它们之间的联系。可分为两类:陈述回答型和疑问回答型。

  1)陈述回答型

  例:M: I need to find a dentist; you said you know Dr. Smith well, do you recommend her?

  W: Well, I had to see her a few times, but what impressed me most was the magazines in her waiting room.

  Q: What does the woman imply?

  A) Dr. Smith’s waiting room isn’t tidy.

  B) Dr. Smith enjoys reading magazines.

  C) Dr. Smith has left a good impression on her.

  D) Dr. Smith may not be a good choice.

  言外之意:女的丝毫不提史密斯的医术如何,只说了一些无关紧 要的琐事,无非是暗示她的医术很烂,故不愿意向男的推荐。

  2)疑问回答型

  请掌握以下几种表达建议和表示反对的语句

  表示建议:Why not...?

  Why don’t you...?

  Wouldn’t...?How about...?

  表示反对:

  Should...he/she/we/they...be doing...?

  表示责怪的意思:Shouldn’t...?

  例:W: I hear that the Edwards are thinking of buying another house.

  M: Should they be doing that with all the other expenses they have to pay? Anyhow, they are over 70 now, their present house is not too bad.

  Q: What does the man imply?

  A) The Edwards are quite well-off.

  B) The Edwards should cut down on their living expenses.

  C) It’ll be unwise for the Edwards to buy another house.

  D) It’s too expensive for the Edwards to live in their present house.

  言外之意:用问句这个结构表示说话人的反对情绪。

  2.妙语连珠—观点态度题型

  A) He doesn’t want Jenny to get into trouble.

  B) He doesn’t agree with the woman’s remark.

  C) He thinks Jenny’s workload too heavy at college.

  D) He believes most college students are running wild.

  分析:从男性说话中的actually一词可以听出他并不同意女性刚刚说的内容,他有自己的想法,类似的词语还有in fact,这也提醒我们,抓住短对话中的小词去揣摩说话人的态度也是非常关键的。

  3.虚虚实实—虚拟语气题型

  这属于一种隐性考法,用虚拟语气表达一种抱怨、后悔等情绪,主要体现虚拟语气的关键词有:if, if only, I only wish..., couldn’t have done something...without...等。

  例:M: I wonder if you find my experience relevant to the job.

  W: Yes, certainly, but if only you had sent in your application letter a week earlier.

  Q: What does the woman imply?

  A) The man is not suitable for the position.

  B) The job has been given to someone else.

  C) She had received only one application letter.

  D) The application arrived a week earlier than expected.

  4.咬文嚼字—理解归纳题型

  这类题型难度颇高,关键在于后者说话当中的生词及细节较多,考生很难在短时间内完全把握对话的实质内容,能否答对就要看自己平时的积累。

  例:M: Excuse me, Madam? Is the air-conditioning on? This room is getting as hot as a furnace.

  W: Sorry, sir, a new epidemic (流行病) called SARS is threatening us right now. As a preventative measure (预防措施), we are told to let in fresh air by opening the windows and not to use air-conditioners.

  Q: What does the woman mean?

  A) The temperature is not as high as the man claims.

  B) The room will get cool if the man opens the windows.

  C) She is following instructions not to use the air-conditioning.

  D) She is afraid the new epidemic SARS will soon spread all over town.

  5.多姿多彩—生活场景题型

  总体而言,常见的短对话场景大致可分为如下三种:

  1 . 学生学习生活场景

  2 . 健康生活场景

  3 . 交通活动场景

  学生学习生活场景 考查内容

  1)选修课难,要少选,但却有意思;

  2)学生功课很忙,经常遇到阻碍,男生一般很紧张,女生却比较从容;

  3)学生很喜欢“临时抱佛脚”(尤其男生),女生往往站在教育者的角度教育男生;

  4)经常询问同学论文的进展速度,也很关心别人对自己的论文怎么评价;

  M: I'm going to drop my information science class. It needs too early in the morning.

  W: Is that really the good reason to drop the class, tiny?

  Q: What does the woman mean? (CET4/05.1/No.2)

  A) Tony should continue taking the course.

  女士保留原则

  对话中出现女士的建议和要求时,我们一定要注意,这时女士说出来的话很可能就是正确选项的意义;

  “女士是神”

  男人做一些事情遇到了困难,这时一位女人出来安慰男人,根据女神原则可知女人一定会让男人坚持把这件事情做下 去,而不要放弃,这样的题型太多了,所以可呈现出一定的规律性

  M: I think I'm going to give up playing tennis. I lost again today.

  W: Just because you lost? Is that the reason to quit?

  Q: What does the woman imply?

  5)当谈到教授演讲或报告时,主要特点是内容难,跟不上,而且内容枯燥,速度快;

  6)同学互助一般为:帮助照看东西、帮忙通知信息、帮忙补课等

  7)学生兼职一般做:助教、服务生、社会调查等;

  8)宿舍里,同学听音乐、玩游戏,影响了自己正常学习,然后提出自己看法。

  健康生活场景 考查内容

  1)医生忙,要耐心

  2)有病要尽早去治疗,否则要产生很多麻烦

  3)吸烟对身体不好,要戒烟

  4)看完病后要及时调养,不能马上做劳累的事情

  交通活动场景 考查内容

  1)搭乘飞机旅行,首先要预定机票,经常会遇到预定完毕 (be booked up), 因此只能推迟时间,有时因为无法到达机场,必须改机票(get ticket changed)。

  2)经常因为天气原因(because of/due to the bad weather)或机械故障(mechanical problem)而导致航班延误,需要等待进一步消息或通知(further notice)。

  3)步行是一种锻炼方式;骑自行车可以回避高峰,但车胎容易没气(flat tire);乘巴士方便,但中途容易出故障(break down);开车上班容易塞车 (much traffic jam);坐火车可以看风景(sightsee),但火车上食物不好,因此经常选择自己带食物或提前吃。

  4)出现交通意外的原因一般是超速或者是躲避不及。

纠错评论责编:Aimee
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