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大学英语新四级写作高分攻略:宏观统筹,微观布局

   2017-09-28   【

大学英语新四级写作高分攻略:宏观统筹,微观布局

  宏观统筹,微观布局

  1. 洞悉主题思想,明确文章思路

  大部分同学习惯拿到试卷就下笔,这是写作之大忌!如2003年1月的考试题目“It Pays to Be Honest”,很多同学理解为“诚实是要付出代价的”,而实际含义则是“诚实是有益处的”。主题都理解错了,后果可想而知。

  2. 力求卷面净雅;开头简洁、结尾点睛,力避三段式文章

  时间有限加之工作繁重使得阅卷工作带有强烈的主观色彩,阅卷老师对试卷的第一感受基本上决定了一篇文章的层次。因此写作的规范与书法非常重要,整齐美观、干净洁雅的卷面是获得高分的必要条件。一般来说,开头不要写得太啰唆,要找到恰当的切入点,直奔主题。结尾同样不要拖泥带水,最好还能适当评论,写出点睛之笔。尽量用好过渡性词语或句子,避免“三段式”八股风格,尽可能使文章显得丰富、生动、活泼。

  5. 合理想象、力避冗长,真实取材、贴近生活,感情丰富、彰显自我

  学会用There be、It形式主语、倒装等句子结构以使篇章显得优美、多彩、多变。

  英语考试时间的紧迫性是导致很多考生写作失利的主要原因,因此活学活用写作模板,精心布局文章,是获得高分作文的最佳途径。

  1. 因果关系型

  即题目给出一个图表,要求解释说明某种社会现象。

  In the last few years / In recent years, there has been a growing tendency / dramatic increase in _________. According to the chart / a recent study in 2009, the number of ________ has almost doubled / tripled / nearly increased / dropped by _________ percent compared with _________.

  There are ________ reasons accounting for this significant rise / marked decline / dramatic change. First of all, ______. Furthermore, ______. In addition, ______. Last but not least, _______.

  From what has been discussed above, we may safely come to the conclusion that __________.

  2. 正反对比型

  即通过比较两个事物,来说明作者的观点,如喜欢哪个,反对哪个。

  In recent years, there is a heated discussion about __________. Some argue for it. For one reason, __________. For another, __________.

  However, each coin has two sides. Some people argue against it. First of all,__________. In addition, __________. Furthermore, __________.

  As far as I am concerned, advantages overweigh disadvantages / there is a balance of both _________. In the first place, __________. In the second place, __________.

 

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