The purpose of the American court system is to protect the rights of the people. According to American law， if someone is accused of a crime， he or she is considered innocent until the court proves that the person is guilty. In other words， it is the responsibility of the court to prove that a person is guilty. It is not the responsibility of the person to prove that he or she is innocent.
In order to arrest a person， the police have to be reasonably sure that a crime has been committed. The police must give the suspect the reasons why they are arresting him and tell him his rights under the law. Then the police take the suspect to the police station to “book” him. “Booking means that the name of the person and the charges against him are formally listed at the police station.
The next step is for the suspect to go before a judge. The judge decides whether the suspect should be kept in jail or released. If the suspect has no previous criminal record and the judge feels that he will return to court rather than run away—for example， because he owns a house and has a family—he can go free. Otherwise， the suspect must put up bail. At this time， too， the judge will appoint a court layer to defend the suspect if he can’t afford one.
The suspect returns to court a week or two later. A lawyer from the district attorney’s office presents a case against the suspect. This is called a hearing. The attorney may present evidence as well as witnesses. The judge at the hearing then decides whether there is enough reason to hold a trial. If the judge decides that there is sufficient evidence to call for a trial， he or she sets a date for the suspect to appear in court to formally plead guilty or not guilty.
At the trial， a jury of 12 people listens to the evidence from both attorneys and hears the testimony of the witnesses. Then the jury goes into a private room to consider the evidence and decide whether the defendant is guilty of the crime. If the jury decides that the defendant is innocent， he goes free. However， if he is convicted， the judge sets a date for the defendant to appear in court again for sentencing. At this time， the judge tells the convicted person what his punishment will be. The judge may sentence him to prison， order him to pay a fine， or place him on probation.
The American justice system is very complex and sometimes operates slowly. However， every step is designed to protect the rights of the people. These individual rights are the basis， or foundation， of the American government.
1. What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) The American court system requires that a suspect prove that he or she is innocent.
(B) The US court system is designed to protect the rights of the people.
(C) Under the American court system， judge decides if a suspect is innocent or guilty.
(D) The US court system is designed to help the police present a case against the suspect.
2. What follows ‘in other words’ (para.1)?
(A) An example of the previous sentence.
(B) A new idea about the court system.
(C) An item of evidence to call for a trial.
(D) A restatement of the previous sentence.
3. According to the passage， ‘he can go free’ (para.3) means _________.
(A) the suspect is free to choose a lawyer to defend him
(B) the suspect does not have to go to trial because the judge has decided he is innocent
(C) the suspect will be informed by mail whether he is innocent or not
(D) the suspect does not have to wait in jail or pay money until he goes to trial
4. What is the purpose of having the suspect pay bail?
(A) To pay for the judge and the trial.
(B) To pay for a court lawyer to defend the suspect.
(C) To ensure that the suspect will return to court.
(D) To ensure that the suspect will appear in prison.
5. According to the passage， which of the following statements is true?
(A) The American justice system sometimes operates slowly.
(B) The police can arrest a suspect without giving any reasons.
(C) It is the responsibility of the suspect to prove he is innocent.
(D) The jury considers the evidence in the court room.
1-5 B D D C A