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2018年5月翻译资格考试二级口译试题及答案

中华考试网   2018-05-19   【

2018年5月翻译资格考试二级口译试题及答案

  English to Chinese Interpreting

  Silicon Valley is a magnet to which numerous talented engineers, scientists and entrepreneurs from overseas flock in search of fame and fast money and to participate enthusiastically in a technological revolution whose impact on mankind will surely surpass the epoch-making European Renaissance and Industrial Revolution of the bygone age. The valley's professionals are among the most hardworking people anywhere. A 15-hour day and 7-day week is not uncommon, especially during the start-up stage. They would give up social life, and curtail their family life too, in order to pursue the pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. It is this single-minded pursuit of excellence, supported by strong ethos of teamwork and esprit de corps, that sustain them until their mission is accomplished. Paper qualification, though useful, is not a be-all-and-end-all. More weight is given to a candidate's proven abilities and aptitude for the job. This is amply demonstrated by industry icons like Apple's Jobs and Wozniak and Microsoft's Gates, all college dropouts who might not have emerged in a qualification-conscious community. While racial prejudice no doubt still exists in the United States, it is hardly discernible in the Valley. What counts most is one's vision and track record, and not one's nationality, skin color or creed. This, together with its multiracial society, informal lifestyle and agreeable climate, lures foreigners to its shores.

  参考译文

  硅谷犹如一块磁铁,把许许多多天资聪颖的工程师、科学家、企业家从世界各地吸引到这里。他们来此寻求功名,希望快速致富,积极投身于技术革命,而这场革命所带来的影响必将超 过昔日具有划时代意义的欧洲文艺复兴运动和产业革命。 硅谷人的工作之勤奋,举世罕见。一天工作15 个小时,一周工作七天,这样的工作日程安排在硅谷却是司空见惯的现象,尤其在创业初期更是如此。硅谷人放弃社交生活,减少与家人一起生活的时间,努力去寻求事业彩虹尽头处的那一桶金。正是这种孜孜不求卓越的精神,加上优良的团队精神,支持着硅谷人的奋斗理念,他们不达目的绝不罢休。在硅谷,文凭虽然有用,却不是一切,一纸定不了终身,硅谷更看重求职者的真才实学和岗位资质。最具有说服力的例子莫过于行业的偶像人物,如苹果公司的创始人乔布斯和沃茨尼亚克,微软的创始人盖茨,他们都是一些大学辍学者,在讲究学历的社会很可能永无出头之日。毫无疑问,美国人虽然存在着宗族歧视,但这种现象在硅谷却难寻踪影。硅谷人最看中的是人才视野和成长历程,而不是国籍,肤色或宗教信仰。这种观念加上硅谷多宗族的社会、不拘礼仪的生活方式、舒适宜人的气候,使外国人近悦远来。

  English to Chinese Interpreting

  From recorded time, man has been fascinated and delighted with music. Bone whistles, used as a type of flute, have been found dating back to 5,000 BC. Paintings from the Stone Age show early musical instruments. In modern times, man has further developed his interest in music and in recorded sound with the hardware of sound reproduction. American inventor Thomas Edison, who was considered the father of sound recording, developed the phonograph in 1877, the first device to record music in the world. While Edison concentrated at first mainly on the reproduction of voice, it was not long before the musical uses of his invention were recognized and marketed. The widespread use of electricity in the post-World War Two period led to the invention of the modern, portable record player. It was, however, “mono”. The real enthusiastic listener to music wanted a realistic reproduction of music with “hi-fidelity” or “hi-fi”. The 1980s saw an even greater series of developments in sound reproduction hardware. The examples are the Sony Corporation's invention and development of the tiny portable tape players known as the “Walkman”, and the compact disc, or CD, system based on the technology of computers with music information stored and reproduced digitally.

  参考译文

  有史记载以来,人类一直痴迷于音乐,为音乐所陶醉。用作笛子的骨哨早已出现在公元前5,000年。从石器时代的画中我们可以见到早期乐器的模样。现代人进一步发展了对音乐的兴趣,十分钟情于用声音复制设备来录音的方式。被誉为录音之父的美国发明家托马斯·爱迪生于1877年发明了留声机,这是世界上第一台录音设备。爱迪生最初的精力主要放在对说话声音的复制上,然而时隔不久,爱迪生这项发明的音乐应用价值便为世人所认识,并被推向了市场。第二次世界大战之后,电的广泛使用使现代便携式点唱机面世。不过这种点唱机只能单声道放音。而真正的音乐发烧友想要的是一种给人以身临其境感觉的高保真音响设备。到了80年代,声音复制设备的发展迈出了一系列更大的步伐。例如,推出了由索尼首创开发的被称之为“随身听”的袖珍便携式磁带放音机,以及采用电脑技术以数码储存与再现音乐信息的CD激光唱片音响。

  Chinese to English Interpreting

  我认为中国人在商务谈判时倾向于使用一种迂回婉转的方式,而那些被认为在工作时具有一 种“公务为先”的心态的美国人则往往表现出较为直截了当的作风。 中国式的管理方式鼓励员工之间的合作,也鼓励普通员工和管理人员之间的合作,使员工有一种喜悦的参与感和成就感,使他们对自己的工作产生一种自豪感。 大多数中国人想从工作中找到生活的意义,他们将工作视为成为团体中一份子的必不可缺的条件。美国式的自下而上的管理方式注重效率,注重员工之间的竞争。美国人的工作观有较强的个体取向性。美国人一直认为,工作是秉承了上帝的意志,对工作成果的重视常常高于对工作过程的重视。

  参考译文

  I think Chinese businesspeople tend to have business negotiations in a rather indirect manner, as opposed to the more direct style of American businesspeople, who are said to work with the “get-down-to-business-first” mentality. The Chinese-type management encourages cooperation among employees, between the labor and the management, and gives employees a joy of participation and fulfillment, as well as a sense of pride in their work. And most Chinese try to find the meaning of life through working in their jobs, and view work as essential for having membership in a community. The American-type, or the top-down, management emphasizes efficiency, and competition among workers. The American work ethic seems to be more individual oriented. Traditionally, Americans work because it is the will of God, and often value the results and accomplishments of work more than its process.

  Chinese to English Interpreting

  华盛顿国家大教堂是美国规模最大、最负盛名的宗教中心之一,隶属主教派教会。该建筑的正式名称是圣彼得和圣保罗大教堂。国家大教堂是由私人赞助建造起来的。工程开始于1907年,直到1990年才完全竣工。奠基石是当着当时西奥多·罗斯福总统的面放置的。从那以后的每一任美国总统都参加过这里举行的宗教礼仪活动,或参观过大教堂。大教堂看起来像欧洲许多建于800年前的宗教大中心,形状像个“十”字,或像字母T,中间耸立了一座高达91 米的钟楼,另外两座塔楼坐落在十字形底部。 200扇窗户高高的嵌在国家大教堂的墙上。大多数窗都由多块彩色玻璃拼成,射入建筑内的阳光被彩色玻璃染得五彩缤纷,洒落在大教堂一侧的地坪上,有些窗户有花卉图案,有些窗的画面则是一些有关基督教的故事或美国历史英雄的形象。

  参考译文

  The Washington National Cathedral is one of the largest and most famous religious centers in the United States. It belongs to the Episcopal Church. The official name of the building id the Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul. The National Cathedral was built with money from private citizens. The work started in 1907, and the Cathedral was not completely finished until 1990. The first stone was laid in the presence of President Theodore Roosevelt. Every President of the United States since then has attended services or visited the Cathedral. It looks like many of the great religious centers built in Europe about 800 years ago. The building is shaped like a cross or the letter T. in the center is a bell tower 91 meters high. Two more towers stand at the bottom of the cross. Two hundred windows are set high in the walls of the National Cathedral. Most are made of many pieces of colored glass. They color the sunlight as it enters the building and spills across the floor. Some windows have flower designs. Others have images from Christian stories or from American heroes.

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