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2017下半年catti三级口译模拟题 完整版(7)

   2017-09-06   【

2017下半年catti三级口译模拟题 完整版(7)

  【英译汉】

  Both language and culture are learned by children without special organized programs of instruction, but motivation to learn is very high since language is the most effective means for a child to obtain what he or she wants. If the learning of a new language begins before lower adolescence, one is likely to be able to speak such a language with complete naturalness, but if learned after upper adolescence some hangover of a mother-tongue feature is very likely to persist. But not only do languages exhibit such learning patterns, but so do cultural traits, for example, shaking hands, kissing, and embracing.

  Although many persons assume that languages exist in dictionaries and grammars, in fact they only exist in people's heads. But this is equally true of cultural traits, which indicate clearly a they only exist in people's heads. But this is equally true of cultural traits, which indicate clearly a person's value system when crucial decisions need to be made before there is any time to think about alternatives, for example, diving into a flooding stream to rescue a drowning child.

  【参考译文】

  儿童学习语言和文化,无须专门编制的教学计划,但他们的学习积极性很高,因为他们获得想要的东西,语言及是最有效的手段。如果一个人十来岁开始学习一门新的语言,日后他就有可能轻松自如地说这门语言。但如果到十六、七岁才学,那么他说话时多半会夹杂一些母语的痕迹。不仅语言学习呈现这种模式,文化特征,如握手、接吻和拥抱,也同样如此。

  尽管许多人认为语言存在于词典和语法中,然而事实上语言仅存在于人们的头脑里。文化特征亦然。在没有时间考虑何取何舍而必须作出关键性决定时,如跳入泛滥的河水去救一个溺水的孩子,文化特征会清楚地表现出一个人的价值体系。

  【汉译英】

  到本世纪中叶,世界上约三分之二的国家,至少50亿人口将享受到目前只有经济发达国家才拥有的生活水准,其中约30亿人生活在亚洲。亚洲国家的整体经济规模将超过世界上其他国家和地区加在一起的经济规模。

  在新的千年经济重心将向亚洲转移,中国的力量将日益壮大,世界其他地区将不得不对此做出反应。世界其他地区将分为欧美国家和两个外围大国,即日本与俄罗斯。俄罗斯是一个地域广阔的国家,人民受到良好教育,最终将东山再起。

  就国家而言,世界各国经济将更加势均力敌。尽管仍有穷国,但大多数国家将相当富有。在这些国家里,民众生活富足,但仍有相当数量的少数人处境艰难,一小部分人则腰缠万贯。

  【参考译文】

  By the middle of this century, some two thirds of the world's nation, with at least five billion people, will enjoy a standard of living which only the advanced economies now have. Some three billion of these people will live inn Asia. Collectively, the Asian countries will have a larger economy than the rest of the world put together.

  The rest of the world will have to react to this millennial economic shift to Asia, and to the rising people of China. The rest of the world will be divided between the Euro-American countries, and the tow big peripheral powers, Japan and Russia. Russia is a huge geographical country, with ell educated people, and ill eventually recover. In terms of nations, it will be a world of much greater economic equality. Although there will still be poor countries, most will be quite rich. Inside these nations there ill be mass prosperity, but with a large minority in serious poverty, and a small number who are very rich.

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