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2017下半年catti三级口译模拟题 完整版(5)

   2017-09-06   【

2017下半年catti三级口译模拟题 完整版(5)

  【英译汉】

  By the middle of this century, some two thirds of the world's nation, with at least five billion people, will enjoy a standard of living which only the advanced economies now have. Some three billion of these people will live inn Asia. Collectively, the Asian countries will have a larger economy than the rest of the world put together.

  The rest of the world will have to react to this millennial economic shift to Asia, and to the rising people of China. The rest of the world will be divided between the Euro-American countries, and the tow big peripheral powers, Japan and Russia. Russia is a huge geographical country, with ell educated people, and ill eventually recover. In terms of nations, it will be a world of much greater economic equality. Although there will still be poor countries, most will be quite rich. Inside these nations there ill be mass prosperity, but with a large minority in serious poverty, and a small number who are very rich.

  【参考译文】

  到本世纪中叶,世界上约三分之二的国家,至少50亿人口将享受到目前只有经济发达国家才拥有的生活水准,其中约30亿人生活在亚洲。亚洲国家的整体经济规模将超过世界上其他国家和地区加在一起的经济规模。

  在新的千年经济重心将向亚洲转移,中国的力量将日益壮大,世界其他地区将不得不对此做出反应。世界其他地区将分为欧美国家和两个外围大国,即日本与俄罗斯。俄罗斯是一个地域广阔的国家,人民受到良好教育,最终将东山再起。

  就国家而言,世界各国经济将更加势均力敌。尽管仍有穷国,但大多数国家将相当富有。在这些国家里,民众生活富足,但仍有相当数量的少数人处境艰难,一小部分人则腰缠万贯。

  【汉译英】

  20年前,摩托罗拉公司带着近乎害怕的心理看待日本企业。早在(20世纪)60年代,这个公司芝加哥的电视制造分公司规模大、利润高。但在70年代初,高成本以及日本廉价电视机日趋上升的势头使其遭受重创。"日本人非常嚣张,"摩托罗拉公司发言人马里奥·萨尔瓦多瑞追忆道,"他们想分享市场。"通过残酷无情的价格战,他们如愿以偿,并最终把几乎所有美国电子公司赶出电视机行业。1974年,摩托罗拉将其Quasar 电视生产厂卖给了一家日本公司。但是,当其他美国公司在对外竞争中败北的时候,摩托罗拉公司重新调整了产业方向,转向无线通讯。这是一个它在20年代开拓的产业(另外还有移动收音机和步话机)。此举确有先见之明。

  【参考译文】

  Twenty years ago, Motorola looked upon the Japanese with something close to fear. The Chicago company's television-manufacturing division had been large and profitable in the 1960s. By the early 1970s, however, high costs and a rising tide of inexpensive Japanese TVs were taking a heavy toll. "The Japanese were very aggressive", recalls Motorola spokesman Mario Salvadori. "They wanted to get market share." With cutthroat pricing, they did-eventually running nearly every U.S. electronic company out of the TV business. Motorola sold its Quasar TV unit to a Japanese company in 1974. But while other U.S. companies were floored for foreign competition, Motorola refocused its energies, It turned to wireless communications-an industry it had pioneered (with mobile radios and walkie-talkie) in the 1920s. It was a prescient move.

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