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翻译资格考试英语三级笔译综合能力样题

   2017-12-15   【

  Section 1: Vocabulary and Grammar (60 points)

  This section consists of 3 parts. Read the directions for each part before answering the questions.

  Part 1 Vocabulary Selection

  In this part, there are 20 incomplete sentences. Below each sentence, there are

  4 choices marked by letters A, B, C and D respectively. Choose the word

  which best completes each sentence. There is only ONE right answer. Blacken

  the corresponding letter as required on your Machine-scoring ANSWER

  SHEET.

  1.

  Don’t be ________ by his bad manners. He is merely trying to attract your

  attention.

  A. incurred

  C. irritated

  B. inferred

  D. intervened

  2.

  Craig assured his boss that he would call ________ all his energies in doing

  this new job.

  A. forth

  C. on

  B. at

  D. off

  3.

  Too much ________ to X-rays can cause skin burns, cancer or other damage

  to the body.

  A. disclosure

  C. contact

  B. attachment

  D. exposure

  4.

  When confronted with such questions, my mind goes ________, and I can

  hardly remember my own date of birth.

  A. dim

  C. faint

  B. blank

  D. vain

  5.

  As we know, knowledge is the ________ condition for expansion of the mind.

  A. incompatible

  C. indefinite

  B. incredible

  D. indispensable

  6.

  Care should be taken to shorten the time that one is subjected ________

  continuous loud noise.

  A. to

  C. in

  B. with

  D. on

  7.

  Some of the most important concepts in physics ________ their success to

  these mathematical systems.

  A. oblige

  C. contribute

  B. owe

  D. attribute

  8.

  As your instructor advised, you ought to spend your time on something

  ________ researching into.

  A. precious

  C. worthy

  B. worth

  D. valuable

  9.

  As a defense against air-pollution damage, many plants and animals

  ________ a substance to absorb harmful chemicals.

  A. relieve

  C. dismiss

  B. release

  D. discard

  10. Without the friction between their feet and the ground, people would in no

  ________ be able to walk.

  A. time

  C. way

  B. means

  D. account

  11. One reason for the successes of Asian immigrants in the U.S. is that they have

  taken great ________ to educate their children.

  A. means

  B. pains

  C. attempts

  D. hardships

  12. I support your decision, but I should also make it clear that I am not going to

  be ________ to it.

  A. connected

  C. bound

  B. fastened

  D. stuck

  13. The English language contains a(n) ________ of words which are

  comparatively seldom used in ordinary conversation.

  A. altitude

  C. multitude

  B. latitude

  D. attitude

  14. In my opinion, you can widen the ________ of this improvement through

  your active participation.

  A. scale

  C. magnitude

  B. volume

  D. scope

  15. The news item about the fire is followed by a detailed report made on the

  ________.

  A. spot

  C. location

  B. site

  D. ground

  16. The remarkable ________ of life on the Galapagos Islands inspired Charles

  Darwin to establish his theory of evolution.

  A. classification

  C. density

  B. variety

  D. diversion

  17. The trouble is that not many students really know how to make use of their

  time to its best ________

  A. benefit

  C. value

  B. advantage

  D. profit

  18. Though the imitation jewelry can fool many people, they cannot ________ up

  to an expert’s close examination.

  A. keep

  C. stand

  B. put

  D. pay

  19. Your improper words will give ________ to doubts concerning your true

  intentions.

  A. rise

  C. suspicion

  B. reason

  D. impulse

  20. Readers ________ to happy endings may find the unvarnished view of

  modern motherhood a bit unsettling.

  A. likened

  C. adapted

  B. preferred

  D. accustomed

  Part 2 Vocabulary Replacement

  This part consists of 20 sentences. In each of them one word or phrase is

  underlined, and below each sentence, there are 4 choices marked by letters A,

  B, C and D respectively. Choose the word or phrase that can replace the

  underlined part without causing any grammatical error or changing the basic

  meaning of the sentence. There is only ONE right answer. Blacken the

  corresponding letter as required on your Machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

  21. The frown on the man’s face showed that he was displeased.

  A. look of fear

  C. look of delight

  B. look of anger

  D. look of surprise

  22. There are swamps that will have to be cleared before construction can begin.

  A. forests

  C. puddles

  B. groves

  D. wetlands

  23. Doctors prescribe massive doses of penicillin for patients with pneumonia.

  A. gross

  C. excessive

  B. heavy

  D. adequate

  24. Tornadoes are violent whirlwinds which vary in their width from a few yards to 1,300 feet.

  A. fierce

  C. rapid

  B. immense

  D. fearful

  25. A sound system of quality control has been instituted in the company.

  A. constructed

  C. confirmed

  B. established

  D. erected

  26. Of the many plans submitted, the committee selected the one that seemed

  most feasible .

  A. possible

  C. probable

  B. practicable

  D. permissible

  27. What it amounts to is simply that he is unwilling to give us his support.

  A. means

  C. reaches

  B. matters

  D. signals

  28. Only individual benefactors and ad hoc grants have made possible the ecological surveys already undertaken.

  A. additional

  C. special

  B. unique

  D. specific

  29. He used the attic to store his elaborate equipment.

  A. precious

  C. valuable

  B. complicated

  D. colossal

  30. Bill’s talk with the boss this morning left him in a thoughtful mood.

  A. pensive

  C. passive

  B. deliberate

  D. considerate

  31. The coach said Fred had no aptitude for sports.

  A. talent

  C. attitude

  B. patience

  D. interest

  32. Anyone who doesn’t have a free ticket must pay the fee for going in .

  A. attending

  C. admission

  B. admitting

  D. attention

  33. When an organism is completely encapsulated and preserved, it becomes a fossil, thus turning into evidence of things that once lived.

  A. thereby

  C. thereof

  34. The hunter carefully stalked the deer.

  A. shot

  C. watched

  35. Hot metal shrinks as it becomes cool.

  A. concedes

  C. condenses

  B. therefrom

  D. therein

  B. tracked

  D. skinned

  B. compresses

  D. contracts

  36. She bustled about with an assumption of authority.

  A. air

  C. appearance

  B. supposition

  D. face

  37. Take the stalemate between the administration and the oil companies for example.

  A. case

  C. conflict

  B. deadlock

  D. contradiction

  38. The sense of mistrust is compounded by smaller annoyances that leave the

  families feeling as though no one in authority cares about them.

  A. offset

  C. diminished

  B. intensified

  D. annulled

  39. The very ubiquity of electronic communications can have a surprising

  downside .

  A. failure

  C. drawback

  B. underside

  D. consequence

  40. If you can’t dig into the field you have chosen for your pursuit, it is hardly possible for you to achieve anything significant in the field.

  A. acquire

  C. accompany

  B. require

  D. accomplish

  Part 3 Error Correction

  This part consists of 20 sentences. In each of them there is an underlined part

  that indicates an error, and below each, there are 4 choices marked by letters

  A, B, C and D respectively. Choose the word or phrase that can replace the

  underlined part so that the error is corrected. There is only ONE right

  answer. Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your

  Machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

  41. On the slope of Long’s Peak in Colorado that lies the ruin of a gigantic tree.

  A. lying

  C. lied

  B. lies

  D. lays

  42. There are many different ways of comparing the economy of one nation with those of another.

  A. that

  C. what

  B. this

  D. which

  43. To wake up , he sat up in the seat and turned to see who was making all the noise.

  A. Having woken up

  C. To have woken up

  B. Waking up

  D. Having to wake up

  44. The landlady could not put up with us because all her rooms were reserved.

  A. put us up with

  C. put through us

  B. put us up

  D. put us through

  45. I will go home for the vacation as soon as I have finished my exams.

  A. will finish

  C. am going to finish

  B. am finishing

  D. finish

  46. Nowadays, many self-important young men view the prospect working under

  women as humiliation.

  A. to work

  C. of working

  B. from working

  D. at working

  47. Dump sewage into oceans and rivers is a serious form of pollution.

  A. Having dumped sewage

  C. Dumped sewage

  B. Being dumped sewage

  D. Dumping sewage

  48. Grover Cleveland was the first president married in the White House.

  A. got married

  C. has got married

  B. to get married

  D. was married

  49. If cauliflowers are exposed from extreme temperatures, the heads get discolored.

  A. are exposing from

  C. expose from

  B. are exposed to

  D. expose to

  50. Modern industrial methods have supplanted individual crafts, made

  blacksmiths, stone-carvers, coopers and cobblers virtually extinct.

  A. that made

  C. which making

  B. make

  D. making

  51. Children learn primarily by physical experience direct the world around them.

  A. physical experiencing directly of

  C. directly physical experience

  B. physical experience directly

  D. direct physical experience of

  52. Live with deadly snakes is a way of life for them, not something that

  terrorizes them.

  A. Living with

  C. Lived with

  B. Having lived with

  D. To live with

  53. The more the century progresses, less the interested we have become in

  family life.

  A. The much…, less the

  C. The more…, the less

  B. The further…, the less

  D. The further…, less the

  54. Not until 1798, when Eli Whitney came up with a new idea, guns had been

  made by skilled gunsmiths, one at a time.

  A. To

  C. Since

  B. In

  D. Until

  55. For a variety of reasons, many American young adults are returning home or

  are not leaving home at all, causing families react in different ways.

  A. caused families to react

  C. made families react

  B. making families to react

  D. which is making families react

  56. No such weapons were used and none been found.

  A. none have been

  C. no other has been

  B. none has

  D. no others been

  57. The sales manager of the company suggested more money is to spent in a

  more effective advertising campaign and better packaging design.

  A. is spending on

  C. will be spent on

  B. will be spent in

  D. be spent on

  58. The general manager demanded the job will be completed before the National Day.

  A. would be completed

  C. had to be completed

  B. must be completed

  D. be completed

  59. The achievements of the greatest minds in science could never have been

  reached if it had not been for the patient and accurate work of hundreds of

  other people.

  A. has it not been

  C. if hasn’t been

  B. had it not been

  D. if it had been

  60. The government has hardly taken measures to crack down on these crimes

  when new one occurred

  A. Hardly had the government taken

  C. Hardly the government had taken

  B. The government had hardly taken

  D. The government is hardly taking

  Section 2: Reading Comprehension (30 points)

  In this section you will find after each of the passages a number of questions

  or unfinished statements about the passage, each with 4 (A, B, C and D)

  choices to answer the question or complete the statement. You must choose

  the one which you think fits best. Blacken the corresponding letter as

  required on your Machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

  Questions 61-70 are based on the following passage.

  Are you interested in seeing the beautiful fall foliage of New England but

  tired of traffic jams and overbooked hotels? Then this year forget the crowds in

  New England and see the beautiful colors of autumn in the Catskills.

  These rugged mountains in New York State, just 90 miles northwest of New

  York City, are famous for the legendary tales of Rip Van Winkle, and more

  recently for the summer hotels that sprang up in the region during the 1940s,

  1950s, and 1960s. Families trying to escape the heat of New York City found the

  Catskills to be the perfect place to stay for a month or so each summer. By the late

  1950s there were over 500 resorts and hotels offering nighttime entertainment as

  well as all kinds of outdoor activities. Famous comedians like Jackie Gleason,

  Joan Rivers, and Sid Caesar all got their start touring the hotel clubs here. Since

  the introduction of air-conditioning and cheaper air travel, however, families have

  stopped coming to the Catskills in such large numbers, choosing instead more

  distant locations at different times of the year. Many of the Catskills hotels closed

  in the 1970s, but some remain and have expanded and changed their facilities to

  meet the needs of today’s visitors.

  Currently, there are many activities available to the traveler besides

  witnessing the changing colors of the leaves. There is an all-organic sheep farm

  where visitors can see how a traditional sheep farm operates. There are also

  hundreds of miles of scenic drives in the area. Route 42, for instance, is an

  excellent site for spotting bald eagles. For more information on vacations in the

  Catskills, call the Office of Public Information.

  61. The author’s main purpose is to ________.

  A. promote the Catskills as a vacation destination

  B. introduce visitors to famous Catskills entertainers

  C. describe the history of the Catskills region

  D. compare the Catskills to New England

  62. The word “rugged” underlined in Paragraph 2 means ________.

  A. barren

  C. tall

  B. rough

  D. lush

  63. According to the passage, the decline in the number of resorts in the 1970s

  was caused by ________.

  A. television

  C. affordable air travel

  B. shorter vacations

  D. more traffic

  64. The phrase “sprang up” underlined in Paragraph 2 refers to something that

  has ________.

  A. burst forth

  C. operated vigorously

  B. spread out

  D. joined together

  65. In what season would a tourist most likely have visited the Catskills in the

  1950s?

  A. Fall.

  C. Spring.

  B. Winter.

  D. Summer.

  66. The author’s tone in this passage is ________.

  A. light and encouraging

  C. humorous and skeptical

  B. informative and scientific

  D. regretful and reminiscent

  67. From the passage, what might a visitor be lucky enough to do?

  A. See fall leaves in color.

  C. Work on a sheep farm.

  B. See a kind of bird.

  D. Drive on scenic roads.

  68. The word “drives” underlined in Paragraph 3 refers to ________.

  A. excursions

  C. paths

  B. tracks

  D. canyons

  69. The word “spotting” underlined in Paragraph 3 means ________.

  A. photographing

  C. painting

  B. seeing

  D. shooting

  70. The author implies that in the Catskills there are few ________.

  A. leaves

  C. people

  B. eagles

  D. sheep

  Questions 71-80 are based on the following passage.

  First, of course, it is plain that in a few years everyone will have at his elbow

  several times more mechanical energy than he has today.

  Second, there will be advances in biological knowledge as far-reaching as

  those that have been made in physics. We are only beginning to learn that we can

  control our biological environment as well as our physical one. Starvation has been

  prophesied twice to a growing world population: by Malthus about 1.8 billion and

  by Crookes about 1.9 billion. It was headed off the first time by taking agriculture to

  America and the second time by using the new fertilizers. Soon starvation will be

  headed off by the control of the diseases and the heredity of plants and animals —

  by shaping our own biological environment .

  And third, I come back to the haunting theme of automation. The most

  common species in the factory today is the man who works or minds a simple

  machine — the operator. Before long he will be as extinct as the hand-loom weaver

  and the dodo (老古董). The repetitive tasks of industry will be taken over by the

  machines, as the heavy tasks were taken over long ago; and the mental tedium will

  go the way of physical exhaustion. Today we still distinguish, even among

  repetitive jobs, between the skilled and the unskilled, but in a few years to come all

  repetition will be unskilled. We simply waste our time if we oppose this change.

  71. This article was written to ________.

  A. warn us of impending starvation

  B. present facts about life in the near future

  C. oppose biological advances

  D. warn of the danger of automation

  72. In the coming years, people will ________.

  A. have more machines at their disposal

  B. experience starvation

  C. never work

  D. have fewer machines at their disposal

  73. Advances in biological knowledge have ________.

  A. kept pace with those in physics

  B. been responsible for the invention of new machines

  C. surpassed those in physics

  D. lagged behind those in physics

  74. We are beginning to learn that we ________.

  A. can control our physical environment

  B. can never control our biological environment

  C. have no control over our physical environment

  D. can control both our biological and physical environments

  75. In the near future, starvation will be prevented by ________.

  A. Chinese agriculture

  B. use of new fertilizers

  C. control of the diseases and the heredity of plants and animals

  D. vitamin pills

  76. Which of the following is NOT true?

  A. The mental tedium will not exist in the end.

  B. Hand-loom weaver is the thing of the past.

  C. Automation is an out-of-date topic today.

  D. Physical burden in the factory has already been replaced.

  77. The author believes before long, machines will ________.

  A. actually replace unskilled workers

  B. have learned to think for us

  C. be shaped like robots

  D. no longer be needed

  78. The repetitive tasks of industry lead to ________.

  A. physical exhaustion

  C. mental exhaustion

  B. mental stimulation

  D. physical extinction

  79. If the author’s predictions are realized, the demand for unskilled workers will

  be ________.

  A. very high

  C. the same as today

  B. very low

  D. constantly rising

  80. From the passage, increased automation ________.

  A. can be successfully opposed

  C. has not yet begun

  B. cannot be avoided

  D. will put everyone out of work

  Questions 81-90 are based on the following passage.

  Of all the areas of learning the most important is the development of attitudes.

  Emotional reactions as well as logical thought processes affect the behavior of

  most people.

  “The burnt child fears the fire” is one instance; another is the rise of despots

  like Hitler. Both examples also point up the fact that attitudes stem from

  experience. In one case the experience was direct and impressive; in the other it

  was indirect and cumulative. The Nazis were indoctrinated largely by the

  speeches they heard and the books they read.

  The classroom teacher in the elementary school is in a strategic position to

  influence attitudes. This is true partly because children acquire attitudes from

  those adults whose word they respect.

  Another reason it is true is that pupils often delve somewhat deeply into a

  subject in school that has only been touched upon at home or has possibly never

  occurred to them before. To a child who had previously acquired little knowledge

  of Mexico, his teacher’s method of handling such a unit would greatly affect his

  attitude toward Mexicans.

  The media through which the teacher can develop wholesome attitudes are

  innumerable. Social studies (with special reference to races, creeds and

  nationalities), science matters of health and safety, the very atmosphere of the

  classroom… these are a few of the fertile fields for the inculcation of proper

  emotional reactions.

  However, when children come to school with undesirable attitudes, it is

  unwise for the teacher to attempt to change their feelings by cajoling or scolding

  them. She can achieve the proper effect by helping them obtain constructive

  experiences.

  To illustrate, first grade pupils afraid of policemen will probably alter their

  attitudes after a classroom chat with the neighborhood officer in which he

  explains how he protects them. In the same way, a class of older children can

  develop attitudes through discussion, research, outside reading and all-day trips.

  Finally, a teacher must constantly evaluate her own attitudes, because her

  influence can be deleterious if she has personal prejudices. This is especially true

  in respect to controversial issues and questions on which children should be

  encouraged to reach their own decisions as a result of objective analysis of all the

  facts.

  81. The central idea of the above passage is that ________.

  A. attitudes affect our actions

  B. teachers are important in developing or changing pupils’ attitudes

  C. attitudes can be changed by some classroom experiences

  D. by their attitudes, teachers inadvertently affect pupils’ attitudes

  82. The word “despot” underlined in Paragraph 2 means a person ________.

  A. who enjoys a high reputation

  B. who is very successful in politics

  C. with unlimited powers

  D. who deposits a large sum of money in a bank

  83. The pupils’ attitudes are NOT influenced by ________.

  A. their parents’ persuasion to behave properly

  B. their teachers’ attitudes

  C. the speeches they hear and the books they read

  D. such media as social studies, science matter and classroom atmosphere

  84. It can be inferred from the passage that the pupils ________.

  A. usually study a certain subject in greater details at home than at school

  B. usually do not study a certain subject at home

  C. study the subjects only at school

  D. study a subject more deeply at school than at home

  85. The example of the pupils’ learning about Mexico shows that ________.

  A. a child usually learns the right things from their teachers

  B. a teacher can correct a pupil’s wrong ideas

  C. a teacher’s attitude can influence a child’s attitude by teaching

  D. a child’s attitude is very changeable

  86. The author implies that ________.

  A. the teacher should guide all discussions by revealing her own attitude

  B. in some aspects of social studies a greater variety of methods can be used in

  the upper grades than in the lower grades

  C. people usually act on the basis of reasoning rather than emotion

  D. children’s attitudes often come from those of other children

  87. A statement made or implied in the passage is that ________.

  A. attitudes can be based on the learning of falsehoods

  B. a child can develop in the classroom an attitude about the importance of

  brushing his teeth

  C. attitudes cannot easily be changed by rewards and lectures

  D. the attitudes of elementary school-aged children are influenced primarily

  by their teachers

  88. The passage specifically states that ________.

  A. direct experiences are more valuable than indirect ones

  B. whatever attitudes a child learns in school have already been introduced at

  home

  C. teachers should always conceal their own attitudes

  D. teachers can sometimes have an unwholesome influence on children

  89. From the last paragraph, we can see that ________.

  A. a teacher’s influence on children is always positive

  B. children should be encouraged to reach their own decisions by ignoring

  objective facts

  C. if improperly handled, a teacher’s influence can be very harmful to the

  children

  D. children may develop prejudices if the teacher’s attitude is wrong

  90. The author of this passage tries to ________.

  A. present certain facts of how the development of a person’s attitude can be

  influenced

  B. show that our society is not doing enough to help children shape their

  attitudes

  C. point out that teachers are the only people who can influence the children’s

  attitudes

  D. prove that speeches and books are the only factors to indoctrinate children

  Section 3: Cloze Test (10 points)

  In the following passage, there are 20 blanks representing words that are

  missing from the context. Below the passage, each blank has 4 choices

  marked by letters A, B, C and D respectively. There is only ONE right answer.

  Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your Machine-scoring

  ANSWER SHEET.

  The rocket engine, with its steady roar like that of a waterfall or a

  thunderstorm, is an impressive symbol of the new space age. Rocket engines have

  proved powerful ________(91) to shoot astronauts ________(92) the earth’s

  gravitational ________(93) and put them on the moon. We have now

  ________(94)

  space travelers.

  Impressive and complex ________(95) it may appear, the rocket, which was

  ________(96) in China over 800 years ________(97), is a relatively simple device.

  Fuel that is ________(98) in the rocket engine changes ________(99) gas. The

  hot and rapidly expanding ________(100) must escape, but it can do so only

  ________(101) an opening that heads ________(102). As the gas is

  ________(103) with great force, it ________(104) the rocket in the ________(105)

  direction. Like the ________(106) of a gun when it is fired, it ________(107) the

  ________(108) of nature described by Sir Isaac Newton when he found that

  “________(109) every action, there is another  equal and opposite________(120).”

  91. A. enough

  92. A. by

  93. A. push

  94. A. called

  95. A. as

  96. A. discovered

  97. A. before

  B. sufficiently

  B. from

  B. pull

  B. known

  B. if

  B. invented

  B. earlier

  C. adequately

  C. beyond

  C. pick

  C. become

  C. though

  C. unearthed

  C. ago

  D. amply

  D. to

  D. plug

  D. reckoned

  D. for

  D. explored

  D. ahead

  笔译综合能力(英语·三级)试卷

  第 19 页 (共 20 页)

  98. A. exploded

  99. A. by

  100.A. air

  101.A. through

  102.A. forward

  103.A. illuminated

  104.A. pulls

  105.A. reverse

  106.A. kick

  107.A. sticks

  108.A. rules

  109.A. in

  110.A. response

  B. filled

  B. into

  B. smoke

  B. from

  B. backward

  B. reacted

  B. pushes

  B. vertical

  B. shoot

  B. follows

  B. regulations

  B. for

  B. action

  C. contained

  C. through

  C. gas

  C. out

  C. inward

  C. diffused

  C. drags

  C. opposite

  C. shock

  C. adheres

  C. mechanisms

  C. by

  C. more

  D. burned

  D. from

  D. ash

  D. by

  D. outward

  D. radiated

  D. holds

  D. downward

  D. knock

  D. abides

  D. laws

  D. on

  D. reaction

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