Section 1: English-Chinese Translation (50 points)Translate the following two passages into Chinese.
There they come, trudging along, straight upright on stubby legs, shoulders
swinging back and forth with each step, coming into focus on the screen just as
I’m eating my first bite of popcorn. Then Morgan Freeman’s voice informs us that
these beings are on a long and difficult journey in one of the most inhospitable
places on earth, and that they are driven by their “quest for love.”
I’ve long known the story of the emperor penguin, but to see the sheer
beauty and wonder of it all come into focus in the March of the Penguins, the
sleeper summer hit, still took my breath away. As the movie continues,
everything about these animals seems on the surface utterly different from
human existence; and yet at the same time the closer one looks the more
everything also seems familiar.
Stepping back and considering within the context of the vast diversity of
millions of other organisms that have evolved on the tree of life — grass, trees,
tapeworms, hornets, jelly-fish, tuna and elephants — these animals marching
across the screen are practically kissing cousins to us.
Love is a feeling or emotion —
like hate, jealousy, hunger, thirst —
necessary where rationality alone would not suffice to carry the day.
Could rationality alone induce a penguin to trek 70 miles over the ice in order
to mate and then balance an egg on his toes while fasting for four months in total
darkness and enduring temperatures of minus-80 degrees Fahrenheit?
Even humans require an overpowering love to do the remarkable things that
parents do for their children. The penguins’ drive to persist in behavior bordering
on the bizarre also suggests that they love to an inordinate degree.
I suspect that the new breed of nature film will become increasingly
mainstream because, as we learn more about ourselves from other animals and
find out that we are more like them than was previously supposed, we are now
allowed to “relate” to them, and therefore to empathize.
If we gain more exposure to the real — and if the producers and studios
invest half as much care and expense into portraying animals as they do into
showing ourselves — I suspect the results will be as profitable, in economic as
well as emotional and intellectual terms — as the March of the Penguins.
After years of painstaking research and sophisticated surveys, Jaco Boshoff
may be on the verge of a nearly unheard-of discovery: the wreck of a Dutch slave
ship that broke apart 239 years ago on this forbidding, windswept coast after a
violent revolt by the slaves.
Boshoff, 39, a marine archaeologist with the government-run Iziko Museums,
will not find out until he starts digging on this deserted beach on Africa’s
southernmost point, probably later this year.
After three years of surveys with sensitive magnetometers, he knows, at least,
where to look: at a cluster of magnetic abnormalities, three beneath the beach and
one beneath the surf, near the mouth of the Heuningries River, where the 450-ton
slave ship, the Meermin, ran aground in 1766.
If he is right, it will be a find for the history books — especially if he
recovers shackles, spears and iron guns that shed light on how 147 Malagasy
slaves seized their captors’ vessel, only to be recaptured.
Although European countries shipped millions of slaves from Africa over
four centuries, archaeologists estimate that fewer than 10 slave shipwrecks have
been found worldwide.
If he is wrong, Boshoff said in an interview, “I will have a lot of explaining to do.”
He will, however, have an excuse. Historical records indicate that at least 30
ships have run aground in the treacherous waters off Struis Bay, the earliest of
them in 1673.
Although Boshoff says he believes beyond doubt that the remains of a ship
are buried on this beach —
the jagged timbers of a wreck are sometimes
uncovered during September’s spring tide — there is always the prospect that his
surveys have found the wrong one.
“Finding shipwrecks is just so difficult in the first place,” said Madeleine
Burnside, the author of Spirits of the Passage, a book on the slave trade, and
executive director of the Mel Fisher Maritime Heritage Society in Key West,
Florida. “Usually — not always — they are located by accident.”
Other slave-ship finds have produced compelling evidence of both the
brutality and the lucrative nature of the slave trade.
Section 2: Chinese-English Translation (50 points) Translate the following two passages into English.
改革开放 27 年来，中国发生了巨大变化。从 1979 年到 2004 年，中国经
济年均增长 9.4%，居民消费水平年均提高 7%，进出口贸易额年均递增 16.7%。
2004 年，中国国内生产总值达到 16494 亿美元;进出口贸易额达到 11548 亿
不小，但人均国内生产总值仍排在世界 100 位之后，尤其是还有近 2600 万农
村贫困人口和 2200 多万领取最低生活保障金的城镇贫困人口。中国要实现现
作用。专家估计，目前全国大约有 300 万个非政府组织。
入协会后的 5 年中，他提供了 4000 多小时的志愿服务。他参加的志愿活动包