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2018年翻译资格考试catti二级笔译试题:一国两制

中华考试网   2017-11-30   【

  【汉译英】

  “一个国家,两种制度”是中国政府为实现国家和平统一而提出的基本国策。按照“一国两制”方针,中国政府通过与英国政府的外交谈判成功解决历史遗留的香港问题,于1997年7月1日对香港恢复行使主权,实现了长期以来中国人民收回香港的共同愿望。香港从此摆脱殖民统治,回到祖国怀抱,走上了与祖国内地优势互补、共同发展的宽广道路。

  香港回归祖国后,“一国两制”由科学构想变成生动现实。中央政府严格按照香港基本法办事,认真履行宪制责任,坚定支持香港特别行政区行政长官和政府依法施政;香港特别行政区依法实行高度自治,享有行政管理权、立法权、独立的司法权和终审权,继续保持原有的资本主义制度和生活方式不变,法律基本不变,继续保持繁荣稳定,各项事业全面发展。“一国两制”在香港日益深入人心,得到包括香港同胞在内的全国人民的衷心拥护和国际社会的广泛好评

  “一国两制”作为一项新生事物,需要在实践中不断探索、开拓前进。回顾总结“一国两制”在香港特别行政区的实践历程,全面准确地理解和贯彻“一国两制”方针政策, 有利于维护国家主权、安全和发展利益,有利于保持香港长期繁荣稳定,有利于继续推动“一国两制”实践沿着正确的轨道向前发展。

  【参考译文】

  “One country, two systems” is a basic state policy the Chinese government has adopted to realize the peaceful reunification of the country. Following this principle, the Chinese government successfully solved the question of Hong Kong through diplomatic negotiations with the British government, and resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong on July 1, 1997, fulfilling the common aspiration of the Chinese people for the recovery of Hong Kong. As a result, Hong Kong got rid of colonial rule and returned to the embrace of the motherland, and embarked on the broad road of common development with the mainland, as they complemented each other’s advantages.

  Hong Kong’s return to the motherland turned “one country, two systems” from a scientific concept into vivid reality. The central government strictly adheres to the Basic Law of Hong Kong, earnestly performs its constitutional duties and stands firm in supporting the administration of the chief executive and the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) in accordance with the law. The HKSAR exercises a high degree of autonomy in accordance with the law, and is vested with executive, legislative and independent judicial power, including that of final adjudication. The previous capitalist system and way of life remain unchanged, and most laws continue to apply. Hong Kong continues to prosper, its society remains stable, and full development is being witnessed in all undertakings. The “one country, two systems” policy enjoys growing popularity in Hong Kong, winning the wholehearted support from Hong Kong compatriots as well as people in all other parts of China. It is also thought highly by the international community.

  “One country, two systems” is a new domain in which we constantly explore new possibilities and make new progress in pioneering spirit. A summary of the policy’s implementation in the HKSAR, and a comprehensive and correct understanding and implementation of the policy will prove useful for safeguarding China’s sovereignty, security and development interests, for maintaining long-term prosperity and stability in Hong Kong, and for further promoting the “one country, two systems” practice along the correct track of development.

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