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中华考试网   2018-09-19   【



  In the new century, the international situation has continued to undergo profound and complicated changes. World multipolarization and economic globalization are progressing amid twists and turns. Science and technology are advancing with each passing day. We have before us both development opportunities that we must seize and grave challenges that we must deal with seriously. Despite the widespread conflicts and clashes of interests and increasing numbers of factors of uncertainty and instability in the world today, peace and development remain the overriding themes of the times. The world needs peace, countries desire development and people want cooperation. This has become an irresistible trend of history.

  At present, Asia, on the whole, enjoys stability, with peace, development and cooperation becoming the mainstream of an advancing Asia. With concerted efforts, relevant Asian countries have freed themselves from the shadow of the financial crisis, overcome the impact of SARS and bird flu, succeeded in economic restructuring, quickened the tempo of industrial upgrading and transformation, promoted a robust regional cooperation, and increased the capacity to tide over potential risks. Asia has retained its position as one of the world's most dynamic regions and a key growth point in global trade. We are full of confidence in the future of Asia's development.

  The Sino-US Strategic and Economic Dialogue is a forum for China and the United States to discuss a wide range of strategic, long-term, and global issues that bear on the relations between the two countries. It is an upgrade from two previous mechanisms, namely the China-U.S. Senior Dialogue (also known as the China-U.S. Strategic Dialogue) and the China-U.S. Strategic and Economic Dialogue.

  With deepening Sino-US relations and a shifting international political landscape, both China and the United States became aware of the need for a higher-level and more substantive mechanism for dialogue. On April 1, 2009 at the G-20 London summit, President Hu Jintao of China and President Barack Obama of the United States reached agreement on the creation of a new mechanism for Sino-US strategic and economic dialogue. Combining the former China-U.S. Senior Dialogue and Strategic and Economic Dialogue, the upgraded forum comprises a "Strategic Track" and an "Economic Track" co-chaired by special representatives of the heads of state of both countries.

  The dialogue covers not only bilateral issues, but also multilateral topics such as financial sector reform, balanced growth of the world economy, climate change, and regional security. It plays an important role in strengthening Sino-US ties, facilitating high-level strategic interaction between the two countries, and contributing to the building of a new model of major-power relationship.

  There are some undeniable new links in the strategic interests of China and Japan in the 21st century.

  First is dealing with non-traditional threats to security. With the development of the international situation since the end of the Cold War, in particular since the terrorist attacks in the United States on September 11, 2001, and the outbreak of SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) in 2003, there has been an obvious increase in awareness of non-traditional security threats. Jointly coping with the challenges/The strategic needs to jointly cope with the challenges posed by those threats will surely become a strong link in the relationship between China and Japan in the 21st century.

  Second, enhancing cooperation in the field of traditional security is also a cornerstone of Sino-Japanese strategic interests.

  With regard to traditional security, since mutual trust has not yet been achieved, both sides will be especially concerned with the other's growing power and how that power could be used.

  Thus China and Japan should treat each other's development with an equal, normal and realistic attitude. Both countries have reached a consensus on establishing "a friendly cooperative partnership devoted to peace and development," which was demonstrated in their joint statement signed in 1998.What we need to do in the future is to realize this consensus.

  Third, "no more war between China and Japan" is the most fundamental common ground linking the strategic interests of the two countries.

  China and Japan are close neighbors separated only by a strip of water. This indicates that it is convenient either to cooperate with each other or do harm to each other. Modern military technology has made it absolutely certain that the one who does harm to the other will face immediate retaliation. If a war broke out between us two neighbors, there would be nothing else but a no-win consequence. Therefore, to some extent, "no more war between China and Japan" is the most basic joining point of strategic interests between the two countries.

  Politics is a reflection of the economy. The fact that Japan is an economic giant will surely be reflected in politics.

  Japan's becoming "a major political power" resulted from the trend of multi-polarization in the international structure. However, under the increasingly close Japan-US alliance, Japan's diplomatic clout has not gone beyond being a medium nation subordinate to the United States, despite its wish of becoming "a major political power".

  Of course, there are two sides to every coin. Since the 1990s, by participating in the United Nations' peacekeeping activities, Japan has played its own part in many "hot spots" around the world. It can be argued that Japan's being independent of the United States is the pre-condition of its becoming "a major political power. " In this respect, the United States will not really be pleased with and supportive of Japan's ascension to {& a major political power" because this means Japan will no longer be so closely aligned with America, or like some European countries, will even dare to say no to the United States.

  But from the viewpoint of the international community, Japan's role as a major political power is in line with the developing trend of multi-polarization.

  National interests of a country include economic interests, security interests, political interests and social interests, etc. There are joining points in economic, security, political and social interests between China and Japan.

  Since both China and Japan regard developing economy as the primary task of the nation, economic interests are at the core of their national interests. Developing Sino-Japanese economic and trade cooperation conforms to not only the interests of both countries but also the trend of economic globalization.

  China is still faced with the task of realizing industrialization. Hence, the fundamental interests of China's relations with Japan lie in how to make use of and learn from Japan's technology and experience to accelerate China's industrialization. While on Japan's part, it is of fundamental interest to benefit from China's rapid economic growth and energetic reform.

  China and Japan have their respective advantages regarding productive factors, such as labor forces, land, technology, capital and management. Developing Sino-Japanese economic cooperation can help activate the respective advantages of the two countries, which is also a fundamental objective in developing Sino-Japanese economic and trade relationship.














  日本走向“政治大国”9是国际格局多极化使然。但是,在日趋紧密的日美同盟之下,日本尽管有做“政治大国”的愿望,其外交在本质上依然摆脱不了对美从属的“中等国家外交”的境界。10当然,日美关系中既然有美对日控制的一面,就必然有日对美反控制的一面。11 20世纪90年代以来,日本通过参加联合国维和活动,在不少“热点”地区的冲突中发挥出自己的作用。可以认为,日本对美独立性的增强是日本走向“政治大国”的前提条件,从这个意义上说,美对日成为真正的“政治大国”是不会高兴不会支持的,12因为这意味着日本会逐渐变得不那么“紧跟”,不那么听话,甚至成为像某些欧洲国家那样敢于顶撞美国13的国家。








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