各地
资讯
当前位置:中华考试网 >> 翻译资格考试 >> 初级笔译 >> 模拟试题 >> 2019年翻译资格考试英语笔译初级模拟题:载人飞船

2019年翻译资格考试英语笔译初级模拟题:载人飞船

中华考试网   2019-01-10   【

2019年翻译资格考试英语笔译初级模拟题:载人飞船

  汉译英

  载人飞船

  2003年10月16日,中国第一架载人宇宙飞船安全返回地面。这标志着中国成为继美国和前苏联之后第三个成功将人类送上太空的国家。对于中国来说,这是在航天科技上的巨大突破。

  与无人飞船相比,载人飞船因有人类直接参与而在技木上有一些特殊要求,包括:

  1.环境控制

  宇航员生活和工作的舱段要求严格密封,并采取环境控制措施,其主要作用是调节舱内和太空服内的温度、湿度和压力,吸收人体新陈代谢产物,控制舱内有害物质,提供氧气、通风、用水并处理废物。

  2.应急救生

  载人飞船须配备各种救生装置,在各个飞行阶段可以采用各种不同的应急救生手段。

  3.人工控制

  由人参与操纵和控制飞船,可提高系统的可靠性,处理预料不到的紧急情况。为此载人飞船都设有手动控制装置和各种设备,以便于宇航员工作。

  4.安全返回

  为确保宇航员安全返回,除了通过隔热层和舱内温度调节进行严格的温度控制,返回过程中的过载程度也必须控制在人的耐受范围内,同时,较高的落点精度也很重要。

  5.高可靠性

  载人飞船的各系统和设备均要进行可靠性设计,关键部件采用备份系统,飞船须在严格的环境条件下进行地面测试和模拟飞行试验,以排除隐患。飞船的设计还要保证宇航员能对有故障的设备进行必要的维修和置换。

  从长远的观点看,人类进入外层空间,向宇宙的深度和广度进军是历史的必然。载人航天技术的发展及其实际应用,对国家的政治、军事、经济和科技等均有重要的影响。

  参考译文

  The Manned Spaceship

  The safe return of China's first manned spaceship on October 16, 2003 has made China the third country in the world that has successfully sent man into space following the United States and the former Soviet Union. For China, this has been a huge breakthrough in space technology.

  Unlike the unmanned spaceship, the manned spaceship, which involves direct participation of human beings, must meet some special technological requirements.

  1.Environmental control

  The modules where the astronauts work or live must be tightly sealed and implement an environmental control program to regulate the temperature, humidity and pressure in the modules and the spacesuits, absorb the end products of metabolism, handle harmful matters in the modules, and provide oxygen, ventilation and water while disposing of the waste.

  2.Emergency lifesaving

  The manned spaceship must be equipped with a variety of emergency equipment so that different emergency lifesaving measures can be adopted at different stages of spaceflight accordingly.

  3.Manual control

  Human involvement in the operation and control of the spaceship can increase the reliability of the system and help handle unpredictable emergencies; therefore, the manned spaceship is equipped with manual control devices and various apparatuses to make the job more convenient for the astronauts.

  4.Safe return

  To ensure the safe return of the astronauts, in addition to the strict temperature control by means of the thermal-protective coating and temperature regulation in the modules, the force of overloading during the landing process must also be restricted within man's endurance capacity.

  Meanwhile, high precision of landing is also very important.

  5.High reliability

  All the systems and equipment of the manned spaceship must undergo reliability design, and the key units must have backup systems. The spaceship must pass ground test and simulated flight test under strict control of environments so as to avoid hidden perils. The design of the spaceship must also allow the astronauts to carry out maintenance and replacement in case of equipment failure.

  From a long-term point of view, it is a historic inevitability for man to venture into the outer space and explore the universe in depth and in width. The development and application of manned spaceflight technology will have great influence on a country's politics, military affairs, economy and science and technology.

纠错评论责编:examwkk
相关推荐
热点推荐»

book.examw.com

  • 英语口译综合能力教材配套训练(三级)(新版)
    ¥52.00
  • 英语口译综合能力(三级)(新版)
    ¥56.00
  • 英语口译实务教材配套训练(三级)(新版)
    ¥45.00
  • 英语口译实务(三级)(新版)
    ¥52.00
  • 笔译备考实训:英译汉(二、三级通用)
    ¥38.00