中国是农业大国，在中国成为发达国家的道路上，农业有着决定性的作用。中国的农业应该是世界的奇迹，养活了 13 亿的人口，解决了世界 1/5 人口的吃饭问题，对中国经济的快速发展起到了坚实的保障作用。特别是始于 1978 年的改革开放最早从农村开始，使农业得到了进一步的发展，粮食、棉花、油料、糖料、肉类、水产品等产量均列世界第一位。中国农产品由极度短缺变为基本供给平衡，部分品种有余。但今天农村却不是改革开放的最大受益者，农业仍然处于传统农业向现代农业转变的发展阶段。
在中国，70%左右的人口仍然要依靠这个传统的农业产业提供生存保障，近 50%的社会劳动人口仍然只能从农业中得到就业机会。农业生产产值占整个国民生产总值的比率在 15%左右。因此农业的现代化在国家的整个现代化进程中，占有举足轻重的地位。“实现农业的现代化”，这是中国政府一直在坚持的农业发展方向。
Agriculture holds the key to China‟s ambition to be a fully developed country. As a major agricultural economy, China has made an agricultural miracle happen, as it has managed to fee its 1.3 billion people, roughly 1/5 of the world‟s total. Agriculture represents a solid underpinner/bedrock/groundwork/foreground for China‟s economic boom. Reform and opening up that were initiated first in the countryside back in 1978 has bolstered/expedited agricultural development. At the moment, China is the world‟s largest producer of grain, cotton, oil-bearing and sugar-making produces, meat and aquatic products. China has basically moved from scarcity to sufficiency in availability of agricultural products, with some strains even in surplus. That being said,/But make no mistake, reform and opening up has not benefited the countryside the most, and agriculture is still in the midst of moving from traditional to modern practices.
70% of the Chinese population today remains dependent on the traditional industry of agriculture for livelihood and nearly half of the working population in China still finds a job in agriculture./In China, agriculture as a traditional industry still sustains the livelihood of roughly 70% of the total population and offers employment for nearly half of its working population. And agriculture contributes some 15% of the overall GDP in China./15% of China‟s total GDP comes from agriculture. As such, agricultural modernization is essential to how the country can get modernized overall, and the Chinese government also remains committed to modernizing agriculture as a long-term vision.