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2019年翻译考试初级英语笔译练习题(6)

中华考试网   2019-01-11   【

2019年翻译考试初级英语笔译练习题(6)

  汉译英

  1.地球似乎是已知的唯一一颗为生命提供栖息地的行星。

  2.有一点是清楚的:很早以前就出现在中国的原始指南针是古代劳动人民在长期的生产实践中所获知识的结晶。

  3.细胞从食物中获得能量的方式主要有两种:发酵和细胞的呼吸作用。

  4.纵观地球历史,曾经发生过多次物种大灭绝,其中最广为人知的一次或许就是6500万年前一度称霸地球的恐龙大灭绝了。

  5.如果能把电脑制作得足够复杂,它将跟人类一样富有创造力。

  6.今天,世界各地都制造了大批转基因动物,供基础科学和应用科学研究使用。

  7.与旨在造成人员死亡的生化战争不同,生化恐怖主义通过公众的恐怖心理滋长蔓延,它能够挫折群体锐气,使其失去行动力。

  8.计算机辅助决策系统,与药品订购与送货中所有阶段的系统,共同构成了最有效的预防系统。

  9.浓密的热带雨云会干扰高空气流,就像岩石干扰水流流向,或者岛屿干扰风向一样,只不过热带雨云对高空气流的干扰是在水平方向上,范围广达数千英里。

  10.我们只有在失去地球引力的时候,方能意识到它对我们是多么必不可少,那时候,我们将无法立足于地面,整个漂浮在半空中,哪怕是被轻轻一碰,都会让我们朝着相反的方向飘移。

  11.后来医学上出现了两大突破。

  12.关于食盐是否会造成高血压,科学家尚未形成一致意见。

  13.短期记忆在上午效果最佳,要比一天中的其他时间大约高出15%。

  14.彩虹是阳光透过天空中的小水滴时形成的。

  15.火箭已经用来探索宇宙。

  16.研究数据显示,如果宇宙文明是均匀地分布在整个宇宙间,那么它们彼此间很可能相距约1000光年。

  17.月球距离地球遥远,绕地球旋转一周需要一个月时间,而人造卫星距离地球较近,绕地球旋转一周仅需要几个小时。

  18.忧郁症不仅会造成人精神萎靡不振,还是直接影响人体免疫系统正常工作的杀手。

  19.大气层可以防护有害辐射和太空碎片。

  20.联合国一份报告指出,若不能有效制止人们继续破坏类人猿生活空间,则大猩猩、黑猩猩和猩猩等类人猿最迟会于50年后完全灭绝。

  参考译文

  1.It appears that the earth is the only planet that we know harbors life.

  2.It is clear that the primitive magnetic south-pointing instrument appeared very early in China as a result of the knowledge people gained over long years of labor.

  3.There are two important ways a cell can harvest energy from food: fermentation and cellular respiration.

  4.There have been many mass extinctions throughout the history of the Earth, the most famous of which is probably the extinction that finally saw the end of the dinosaurs reign on the Earth 65 million years ago.

  5.If a computer can be made complex enough, it can be as creative as a human being.

  6.Today, a large number of transgenic animals have been produced worldwide for use in both basic and applied research.

  7.Different from biologic warfare which attempts to kill, bioterrorism thrives on public fear, potentially immobilizing or demoralizing a population.

  8.Computer-assisted decision support programs integrated with systems that cover each stage of the drug ordering and delivery process provide the most powerful prevention tools.

  9.Dense tropical rainclouds distort the au flow aloft much as rocks distort the flow of a stream, or islands distort the winds that blow over them, but on a horizontal scale of thousands of miles.

  10.We do not realize how much we depend on the earth's gravity until we are deprived of it, when our feet no longer stay on the ground, we float around in the air and the slightest touch may send us drifting off in the opposite direction.

  11.Then there came the two major advances in the medicine.

  12.There is no consensus among scientists that salt causes high blood pressure.

  13.Short-term memory is best during the morning, about 15 percent more efficient than at any other time of the day.

  14.Rainbows are formed when sunlight passes through small drops of water in the sky.

  15.Rockets have found application for the exploration of the universe.

  16.Statistics show it's likely that civilizations, if spread evenly throughout the universe, are about 1000 light years from each.

  17.The moon is so far from the earth that it takes it a month to revolve around the earth, while man-made satellites, which are closer to the earth, can make a complete revolution in a few hours.

  18.Depression not only keeps people dispirited, but also is a killer that directly interferes with the normal activities of the human immune system.

  19.Atmosphere acts as a shield against harmful radiation and space debris.

  20.It is pointed out by a UN report that if human destruction of their living space is not effectively stopped, apes such as gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans will totally extinct in at most 50 years.

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