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2019年翻译考试初级英语笔译练习题(5)

中华考试网   2019-01-10   【

2019年翻译考试初级英语笔译练习题(5)

  汉译英

  1.光照到某些物体上时就会弹回来,这就是人们说的光受到反射。

  2.要保持生态多样性,就必须把它纳入促进全球稳定的总体战略。

  3.应用科学直接研究将理论科学中的现行定律用于生活实践。

  4.我们正面对着地球在过去的6500万年中从未经历过的物种大灭绝期。

  5.我们的下一代也许能够为他们孩子的选择各种特征,包括他们的性别和眼睛的颜色,甚至还可能提高他们的智商,弥补他们的个性缺陷、增强他们的体育竞技能力。

  6.这一观念源自一种危险的无知,即缺乏对农业生态系统原理的了解,这也是为什么生物技术会令很多人感到不安的原因。

  7.某些单个基因失调的现象颇为常见,在所有住院的儿童中,由于单个基因缺陷而导致疾病的占到了约5%。

  8.假以时日,科学家们.将把造成这些问题的遗传学、物理学或生态学根源融汇起来考虑,因为这是管理过程中增强信心的必要一步。

  9.有人已经对生物科技可能增加生物战争的风险表示了担忧,有的人甚至认为今天的生物学家正在步60年前核物理学家的后尘。

  10.关于磁场测量装置的灵敏度可由一例说明:食用罐头食品会使金属微粒滞留在体内,这种微粒所产生的静电磁场用测量装置就能轻易测出来。

  11.科学家认为,遗传赋人以潜能,也决定了将来发展的限度。

  12.基因组指的是同一个物种内基因的总和。

  13.应用转基因技术生产的食品因为直接改变了生态环境,从而产生了这类食品是否安全的问题。

  14.当作用在气体上的压力增大时,气体的体积就会缩小。

  15.我们所说的生物多样性,指的是地球上动植物物种、基因和生态系统的多样性。

  16.太阳风使地球磁场的形状发生很大变化,将其向外拉扯成长尾状。

  17.全世界目前有34,000种植物正面临着灭绝的威胁,每天都有100个物种灭绝。

  18.碳水化合物能合成生物化学过程中所必需的葡萄糖( glucose)和酶(enzyme)。

  19.每个入都有与生俱来的独特指纹,而且终生不变。

  20.生物技术和遗传科学常常被人们指责为干扰自然界,对自然规律缺乏尊重。

  参考译文

  1.When light falls on certain things it bounces back. So the light is said to be reflected.

  2.The preservation of biodiversity can only be accomplished as part of an overall strategy to promote global stability.

  3.Applied science is directly concerned with the application of the working laws of pure science to the practical affairs of life.

  4.We are confronting an episode of species extinction greater than anything the world has experienced for the past 65 million years.

  5.Our children may be able to choose their kids' traits: to select their gender and eye color, perhaps to tinker with their IQs, personalities and athletic abilities.

  6.This notion rests on a dangerous lack of understanding of what goes on in an agricultural ecosystem and is one reason why biotechnology makes many people nervous.

  7.Some single gene disorders are quite common and in total, diseases that can be traced to single gene defects account for about 5% of all admissions to children's hospitals.

  8.Over time, scientists will piece together the genetic, physiological or ecological roots of such problems, a necessary step in building confidence in the regulatory process.

  9.Concern has been voiced that biotechnology might increase the risk of biological warfare, and some have speculated that biologists today are stepping into the shoes of the nuclear physicists of 60 years ago.

  10.As an example of the sensitivity of the measurement devices, the static magnetic fields produced by particles of metal in the body resulting from eating canned food were readily detected.

  1l.Scientists believe that while endowing a person with various potentials, genes also set limits on what he can achieve in the future.

  12.The genome refers to all the genes within a species.

  13.Transgenic food, which directly changes the ecological environment, arouses questions on the safety of such food.

  14.The volume of a gas becomes smaller when the pressure upon it is increased.

  15.Biodiversity is the word we use to describe the variety of animal and plant species, genes and ecosystems on the planet.

  16.The solar wind grossly distorts the earth's magnetic field, dragging it out to a long tail.

  17.Worldwide, 34., 000 plants are currently threatened with extinction and 100 species are becoming extinct every day.

  18.Carbohydrate can synthesize enzymes in order to obtain the glucose units necessary for essential biochemical processes.

  19.All humans are born with unique fingerprints, which will remain unchanged for the whole of their lives.

  20.Very often biotechnology and genetics are the objects of negative criticism as interference in nature, a kind of lack of respect towards its rules.

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