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2017年初级英语笔译考试讲义:汉译英中倍数表示法

   2017-10-07   【

2017年初级英语笔译考试讲义:汉译英中倍数表示法

  二、汉译英中倍数表示法

  (一)表示A是B的两倍,汉语通常说“A是B的两倍”或者“A比B大/多/增长/涨了一倍,增加了百分之一百或翻了一番”,在英语中通常有三种表达法:

  1.A is+twice/two times+as+形容词+as B.例如:

  1) 这座山的高度是那座山的两倍。

  This mountain is twice/two times as high as that one.

  2) 本地区每公顷的水稻产量是那地区的两倍。

  The per-hectare yield of rice in this area is twice as much as in that area.

  2.A is+twice+the+名词+of B。如上面两句可以改为:

  This mountain is twice/two times the height of that one.

  The per-hectare yield of rice in this area is twice the amount of that in that area.

  3.A+动词double或increase by 100%。例如:

  3) 和1990年相比,本地区的水稻产量翻了一番。

  译文一:The per-hectare yield of rice in this area has doubled compared with what it was in 1990.

  译文二:The per-hectare yield of rice in this area has increased by 100%, compared with what it was in 1990.

  (二)表示A是B的三倍,汉语通常说“A是B的三倍”或者“A比B大/多/增长/涨了两倍或增加了百分之二百”,在英语中通常有三种表达法:

  1.A is three times/thrice as+形容词+as+B。例如:

  4) 这座山是那座山的三倍高。

  This mountain is three times as high as that one.

  5) 这条街是那条街的三倍宽。

  This street is three times as wide as that one.

  2.A is three times/thrice+the+名词+of B。如上面两句也可译为:

  This mountain is three times the height of that one.

  This mountain is three times the width of that one.

  3.用to increase by 200%或动词treble。例如:

  6) 本地区的水稻产量是1990年的三倍。

  译文一:The per-hectare yield of rice in this area has trebled compared with what it was in 1990.

  译文二:The per-hectare yield of rice in this area has increased by 200%, compared with what it was in 1990.

  (三)表示四倍以上的概念,汉语的方法与三位的表示法一样,但是英语中比上面多了“A is three times+比较级形容词+than B”一种表示法。例如:

  7)地球的体积是月球的四十九倍。

  译文一:The earth is 49 times as large as the moon.

  译文二:The earth is 49 times the size of the moon.

  译文三:The earth is 48 times larger than the moon,

  8)这座工厂的产量是原来的四倍。

  译文一:The output of the factory is four times as much as what it used to be.

  译文二:The output of the factory is four times the amount of what it used to be.

  译文三:The output of the factory is three times greater than what it used to be

  译文四:The output of the factory has increased by 300u/o.

 

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